Rosmeer in Google Maps
Just a village, located on a hill in the vast agricultural area west of the Dutch city of Maastricht, that is Rosmeer.
But here we find a rich archaeological heritage. At a small surface of the village we find remains from different periods: the oldest finds come from the Linear Band Keramik (LBK) farmers during the Neolithic. Other periods of habitation of this area : the Iron age, the Roman period and the Merovingian period.
It is no wonder, the Tourist -office of Bilzen ( Rosmeer is a part of the community of Bilzen) has made a walk ( ca 6 km) in the village, that leads us to the main spots of this archaeological richness.
The name "Rosmeer" is already very interesting. It is originally taken from the name "Rosmerta", goddess of the spring during the Celtic period.
The start is at the central place near the St. Pierre church, build at the end of the 12th century.
At this place, where you can park the car, we find a monument , dedicated to the "culture of the Linear Band Keramik" of - the wrong date, but who cares? - 4000 BC. The LBK at Rosmeer is from the period at ca 5.250 BC.
|The monument, made by
Denis Briers, at the central place|
|The presbytery from the 18th century, made of blocks of marl|
|The Bertilia spring, still contains clear water|
|The mighty beech, with in the background, the tower of the church of Rosmeer|
|At this place at the Bandstraat in Rosmeer, in 1951, during the digging of a ditch for beet- storage, the remains of a 2nd century tumulus was detected. Cremations in an urn from the Gallo Roman period were found here,together with jars and pots.|
We follow the road, at a crossing we go right and immediate left and right: "in the Weigaard"; here we have a large look around us at the vast agricultural region.
Left at this road we find the first LBK site ( 5500 - 4900 BC): Boelhof -Flikkenberg..Sherds found here were well decorated, indicating they are from a later LBK phase.
|The board at Boelhof Flikkenberg tells us about the LBK site that has been excavated here|
When we continue the walk we find the second location of the LBK, from an earlier phase: we are at the Staberg. Now it is hard to imagine, that on this particular hill, some 7000 years ago we could see the LBK farmers in their settlement.
|The Staberg near Rosmeer, a LBK site was discovered here and excavated.|
We turn at the crossing to the right, into the Diepestraat and a little bit further, at the left we find two boards that tells us we are at a special archaeological place : a location where both an Iron age settlement was located, a Roman villa was found, and a Merovingian grave field was found where 120 people were buried.... Without these boards you would not have noticed this, as now there are new build houses.
We return to the central place, by turning to the right into the Groenstraat again, and taking the Pastoorswegske downhill, to come again at the "Bertilia source". At this place we find "Café Bij Guske", where you might have a drink... but not always during the wintertime.
Here we turn back to the central place, to find back the car.
It was a nice, informative walk and I promise myself to do it again in summertime...
|(Just for fun) 1 penny (Great Britain) from the year 2000.|
Good description of the walk with some background information:
Rosmeer, archeologische wandeling,
made by C.P.C. Aerssens of Lange Afstand Wandelvereniging "VIA-VIA".
Description and download of the walk
Routeyou: Rosmeer archeologische wandeling
Archaeology of Rosmeer (bibliography/ articles)
De Boe, G, Van Impe, L ( 1979) Nederzetting uit de ijzertijd en Romeinse villa te Rosmeer; publ. BrusselJanssens, D. ( 1974) dissert. Het vroeg-neolithische vaatwerk van de Staberg te Rosmeer (Belgisch Limburg) Universiteit Gent
Pauwels, D ( 2006) Rosmeer (Bilzen): proefsleuven op bedreigd terrein nabij de Romeinse villa en het Merovinigisch grafveld aan de Diepestraat (voorheen Schuivestraat) in: Limburg. Het Oude Land van Loon Vol. 85 / 1 Hasselt
Roosens, H, Vanderhoeven, M ( 1955) Een verdwenen tumulus te Rosmeer; Archaeologia Belgica 24
Roossens H. ( 1963) Rosmeer : Bandkeramische nederzetting ; in Archeologie 2
Roosens, H, Lux , G (1969) Een nederzetting uit de IJzertijd op de Staberg te Rosmeer in : Archaeologia Belgica